**Mehabe ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE**

The trading system used is a Artificial Intelligence system using the Echo State Network.

# What are Echo State Networks?

Echo state network is a type of Recurrent Neural Network, part of the *reservoir computing* framework, which has the following particularities:

- the weights between the input -the hidden layer ( the ‘reservoir’) :
*Win*and also the weights of the ‘reservoir’:*Wr*are**randomly assigned**and**not trainable** - the weights of the output neurons (the ‘readout’ layer) are
**trainable**and can be learned so that the network can reproduce specific temporal patterns - the hidden layer (or the ‘reservoir’) is very sparsely connected (typically < 10% connectivity)
- the reservoir architecture creates a recurrent
**non linear**embedding (H on the image below) of the input which can be then connected to the desired output and these final weights will be trainable - it is possible to connect the embedding to a different predictive model (a trainable NN or a ridge regressor/SVM for classification problems)

## Reservoir Computing

Reservoir computing is an extension of neural networks in which the input signal is connected to a fixed (non-trainable) and random dynamical system (the reservoir), thus creating a higher dimension representation (embedding). This embedding is then connected to the desired output via trainable units.

The non-recurrent equivalent of reservoir computing is the Extreme Learning Machine and consists only of feed forward networks having only the readout layer trainable.

## Workflow

For an input of shape N, T, V, where N is the number of observations, T is the number of time steps and V is the number of variables we will:

- choose the size of the reservoir R and other parameters governing the level of sparsity of connection, if we want to model a leakage, the ideal number of components after the dimensionality reduction, etc
- generate (V, R) input weights
*Win*by sampling from a random binomial distribution - generate (R, R) reservoir weights
*Wr*by sampling from an uniform distribution with a given density, parameter which sets the level of sparsity - calculate the high dimensional state representation H as a non linear function (typically tanh) of the input at the current time step (N, V) multiplied by the internal weights plus the previous state multiplied by the reservoir matrix (R, R)
- optionally we can run a dimensionality reduction algorithm such as PCA to D components, which brings H to (N, T, D)
- create an input representation either by using for example the entire reservoir and training a regressor to map states t to t+1: one representation could be the matrix of all calculated slopes and intercepts. Another option could be to use the mean or the last value of H
- connect this embedding to the desired output, either by using a NN structure which will be trainable or by using other types of predictors. The above mentioned paper suggest the use of Ridge regression

## Why and when should you use Echo State Networks?

- Traditional NN architectures suffer from the vanishing/exploding gradient problem and as such, the parameters in the hidden layers either don’t change that much or they lead to numeric instability and chaotic behavior. Echo state networks don’t suffer from this problem
- Traditional NN architectures are computationally expensive, Echo State Networks are very fast as there is no back propagation phase on the reservoir
- ESN are well adapted for handling chaotic time series

## Implementation

Mehabe team operates direct market connectivity to FX markets via direct broker APIs. The system trains every 4 hours to generate new signals.

Currently the system is running on Tensor Flow Infrastructure. The system is training on:

- Specific Stocks
- Stock indexes
- FX pairs EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY, AUD/USD, EUR/GBP

The system currently is trained in over 60,000 data points for each of the above assets. The training point is added daily as the system gathers more prices on a daily basis.

## What can you expect

You can expect a stable trading system making a solid and high returns every week and month. These systems are generally active in high protected funds. Our clients will enjoy the same professionalism and methodical account management.

Check the TRADECOPIER Performance

## How to start

We have strict entry requirements and hence we request you to email us at fundsupport@mehabe.com

OR simply open a new MT4 account and fund it and start getting the trades.

Please check your SPAM folder and mark the email id fundsupport@mehabe.com out of SPAM.